One systematic review with meta-analysis looked at the effect of the physical activity components of self-management programmes on self-efficacy in those with chronic musculoskeletal pain. A small-moderate benefit was observed in the short, medium and long-term .
Quality of evidence
Strength of recommendation
Regular physical activity may improve self-efficacy in those with chronic musculoskeletal pain. Many may report improvements due to the recognised benefit on their pain and function. Consider referring those presenting with a significant psychosocial contribution to group-based exercise intervention programmes with a psychological component.
1 Carnes D, Homer KE, Miles CL, et al.Effective delivery styles and content for self-management interventions for chronic musculoskeletal pain: a systematic literature review. Clin J Pain2012;28:344–54. doi:10.1097/AJP.0b013e31822ed2f3