Reduces falls related injuries
Exercise interventions tend to reduce injurious falls in all categories. Ten trials provided figures for all injurious falls. The pooled estimated rate ratio was 0.63 (0.51 to 0.77). The pooled estimate for falls resulting in medical care was 0.70 (0.54 to 0.92) and for falls resulting in serious injuries was 0.57 (0.36 to 0.90). Exercise seemed to significantly decrease the rate of falls resulting in fractures as well, with a pooled effect of 0.39 (0.23 to 0.66). The protective effect seems most pronounced for the most severe fall related injuries (6).
Quality of evidence
Strength of recommendation
Exercise exerts a positive effect on injurious falls, including the most severe falls and those that result in medical care, meaning that those falls with the greatest consequences for people’s health and use of resources are reduced.
Physical activity can be recommended for the prevention of falls-related injuries in most circumstances.
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