Evidence Summary (Updated 2022)
Cognitive problems are a common presentation in depression. The TREAD (treatment with exercise augmentation for depression) study showed improvements in cognitive function with exercise and dose-response effect in specific executive function and working memory.(39) A review by Archer et al found that both executive function and working memory can improve with exercise and that sedentary activity can promote cognitive decline.(1)
Quality of Evidence
Grade B – Moderate quality
Strength of recommendation
Grade 1 – Strong recommendation
There is moderate evidence that physical activity improves cognitive function particularly memory and executive function.
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